Download e-book for kindle: Ambiguity Resolution in Language Learning: Computational and by Hinrich Schütze

By Hinrich Schütze

ISBN-10: 1575860740

ISBN-13: 9781575860749

ISBN-10: 1575860759

ISBN-13: 9781575860756

This quantity is worried with how ambiguity and ambiguity answer are discovered, that's, with the purchase of the several representations of ambiguous linguistic types and the information valuable for choosing between them in context. Schütze concentrates on how the purchase of ambiguity is feasible in precept and demonstrates that specific kinds of algorithms and studying architectures (such as unsupervised clustering and neural networks) can be successful on the job. 3 varieties of lexical ambiguity are taken care of: ambiguity in syntactic categorisation, semantic categorisation, and verbal subcategorisation. the quantity provides 3 varied types of ambiguity acquisition: Tag house, observe house, and Subcat Learner, and addresses the significance of ambiguity in linguistic illustration and its relevance for linguistic innateness.

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So if the verb "drive" is used in the progressive (pattern (17b)), then the link between (17a) and (17b) will license its use in the negated past tense (pattern (17a)). There are several problems with this formulation of the theory. Each of these problems is addressed by adding a special mechanism to the algorithm that builds the network of words and patterns. For example, because of subregularities in past tense formation like "put - put", "cut - cut" and "keep - kept", "dream - dreamt", a link between pattern (17b) and a positive past tense pattern of the form 'Xn + "-ed"', would produce the incorrect generalizations "putted" and "keeped".

Consider the example of the null-subject parameter which specifies whether a language allows sentences without overt subjects (like Italian, (18b)) or doesn't (like English, (18a)). e. non-empty) subjects and ABSTRACT SUBJECT as a non-terminal that expands to either phonetically empty or lexical subjects. (18) a. PHONETIC SUBJECT + VP b. ABSTRACT SUBJECT + VP In a language like English, the child has to make the inference from (19a) to (19b) to rule out subject-less sentences. (19) a. Null subjects don't occur.

In addition, it can be visualized (at least in two or three dimensions). , 1977). In a mixture model, one assumes several underlying sources which generate 32 / AMBIGUITY RESOLUTION IN LANGUAGE LEARNING output points, in our case words. For a set of words one can compute a most likely set of sources that would have given rise to this particular set of words. One can then compute similarity as the degree to which words were generated by the same sources. Most mixture models assume that different features (the left neighbors like "who" and "the" in our case) are weighted differently.

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Ambiguity Resolution in Language Learning: Computational and Cognitive Models by Hinrich Schütze

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