Download e-book for kindle: Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic by Ulla Koskinen

By Ulla Koskinen

ISBN-10: 3319406876

ISBN-13: 9783319406879

ISBN-10: 3319406884

ISBN-13: 9783319406886

This ebook investigates the types that the aggression and violence of peasant elites may perhaps absorb early smooth Fennoscandia, and their position inside society. The members spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but additionally concentrate on the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the specialists. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for business enterprise decreased, yet neighborhood and temporal diversifications have been nice during this rather drawn-out method, and there nonetheless remained numerous beneficial contexts for his or her employer. even if the peasant elite was once now not a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting function – the peasant elites’ tendency to claim themselves with an lively and competitive organization, whether this ended in very various outcomes.

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Example text

These decrees referred to the people’s right to overthrow and dethrone a tyrannical king. 34 Although in many people’s eyes what Knut had arranged had a kind of legitimacy, the statement above indicates, at first sight, that what he had done was in fact totally illegal. According to the national code laid down in 1274 by King Magnus Håkonsson (the Law-mender), the uprising was “against the Norwegian throne, the king and all of us”. In effect, this meant he was being charged with the crime of “high treason” (landràd).

The only exception to Henrik’s offer of reconciliation was Alv Knutsson since he apparently still had many accusations against Henrik (vnden taghen then skylling her Alff Knwtssøn sigher sigh at haffua til mik). 16 Imsen deliberately omits the term oprør (“revolt”) to describe these outbreaks. Like Sandnes, he sticks to the more general term bondemotstand or “peasant resistance”. According to Imsen, the periods of greatest unrest and violence among the peasantry were 1420–1440, 1496–1508, 1519–1530, and 1570–1612.

23 All the letters issued from the “common people” (menige allmoghen) in both the northern and southern parts of Norway concluded that Charles was the best candidate because of the alliance and good relations between Norway and Sweden. One of the letters also refers to the fact that some inhabitants had been forced and threatened with accusations of high treason if they did not seal letters in favour of Christian’s claim to the throne. 24 Moreover, according to the letter that was sealed in Trondheim by representatives from several parts of Norway, the common people of Norway, together with the clergy, knights, and squires, had elected and crowned Charles as long as they could not have a Norwegian-born man, or the former monarch, Eric III, as king.

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Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700 by Ulla Koskinen

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