Download e-book for kindle: Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship by Thomas D Boston
By Thomas D Boston
This quantity isolates the reason for carrying on with disparities not just among blacks and whites, yet among blacks to boot. Key components mentioned contain the present kingdom of the economic system the effect of public rules, the patience of city poverty, financial possibilities, adjustments in kinfolk and social constitution and equivalent possibilities. town of Atlanta is used as a case learn concentrating on the emergence of the recent black entrepreneur, with information on black companies drawn from documents of just about a thousand black owned corporations.
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Additional resources for Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship
16 Between 1992 and 1995, 816 black-owned firms either received awards from the City of Atlanta, bid on awards, or were certified by the Compliance Office. 3 percent were goods suppliers. The important point is that 17 OPPORTUNITY MATTERS minority business programs opened opportunities in a cross-section of industries. The effectiveness of these programs varied from city to city. Some cities instituted programs with provisions that were never implemented. In cities where effective programs operated, they were usually challenged legally.
The vagueness of the guidelines for meeting strict scrutiny and the burdensome cost of complying with the Croson Decision are major impediments to equal treatment. In addition, some consultants have routinely overcharged agencies that have been naive enough to believe that quality depends upon price. No matter how costly, virtually all studies have been subjected to legal challenges. As far back as March 1991, just two years after the Croson Decision, of slightly over 200 programs nationally, sixty-six had been challenged legally; thirty-three had been voluntarily terminated; and sixty-five were under reevaluation.
Department of Defense canceled a key provision of its minority preference program. S. Supreme Court decision in the case of Adarand v. Pena. In announcing the cancellation of its “rule of two” program, the Defense Department eliminated a provision that was previously used to set aside defense contracts exclusively for minority firms. This provision was applied whenever there are two or more qualified minority firms bidding and when their price is not more than 10 percent of the fair market price.
Affirmative Action and Black Entrepreneurship by Thomas D Boston