Download e-book for iPad: Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld
By S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld
This publication analyzes in what method activation regulations effect on given styles of social citizenship that predominate in nationwide contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation brought into labour industry guidelines in all Western eu states demanding situations the explicit styles of social citizenship in every one nation.
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Additional info for Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship
The contributions to this volume The task of this book is to empirically analyse the change of the underlying normative principles. We therefore suggest in our second chapter an operationalization of the concept of social citizenship that refers to the citizen’s individual autonomy, considering his or her quality of life, social status and opportunity for participation, as a common analytical framework. Our approach is explorative as we start from our joint research question – to what extent activation policies increase or decrease individual autonomy - and search for institutional and empirical illustration in our country case analyses, illuminating previously overlooked issues and mechanisms in social policy making.
How can we deﬁne and distinguish the main aspects of what ‘membership’ or ‘sense of belonging’ may signify as the concept of autonomy comprises a normative as well as an analytical character? 1. The dimension of individual identity and afﬁliation Afﬁliation is similar to the ‘sense of belonging’ or ‘felt membership’ but constitutes a less formalized concept. It denotes a mental and psychological status, in which an individual feels secure and respected and is able – despite possible vulnerabilities – to develop self-esteem and independent ideas about her life plans and perspectives.
3. The dimension of citizens’ commitment and participation The third dimension refers to a person’s role as social and political citizen, as a more or less active participant in ‘public’ affairs. We assume that the very relationship between the state and its citizens is marked 24 Activation, Autonomy and Social Citizenship by some form of commitment to common values and the recognition of duties towards the community. Some form of conditionality, that is, a basic understanding of what expectations towards the state are legitimate and what citizens owe to the community (to respect rules, to be responsible for oneself) exists in every welfare state (Dean, 2010, p.
Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld