Download e-book for iPad: Acquired Aphasia by Martha Taylor Sarno

By Martha Taylor Sarno

ISBN-10: 0126193223

ISBN-13: 9780126193220

With chapters containing as much as 50 percentage new assurance, this ebook offers a radical replace of the most recent learn and improvement within the zone of got aphasia. assurance contains the indications of aphasia, overview, neuropsychology, the explicit linguistic deficits linked to aphasia, comparable issues, restoration, and rehabilitation. This finished compilation, written by means of essentially the most a professional employees within the box, presents an authoritative textual content and reference for graduate scholars, clinicians, and researchers.

Key Features
* Chapters contain as much as 50 percentage new coverage
* presents replace of up to date examine within the field
* comprises writings via the main a professional employees within the field
* finished, exhaustive reference device

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A measure of fluency may help with clinical classification and provide a rough indication for the localization of lesion. Most patients with fluent aphasias have lesions located in the posterior aspect of the perisylvian region. Most patients with nonfluent aphasias have lesions located in the anterior aspect of the perisylvian region (Benson, 1967). Disturbances of Repetition A failure to repeat words or sentences is another hallmark of aphasia. The ability to repeat may be entirely lost, or may be marred by phonemic paraphasias or omissions of sounds and words.

For example, it was possible for global aphasia to occur despite preservation of Wernicke's area (Mazzocchi & Vignolo, 1977). In the infrequent cases of global aphasia without hemiparesis, lesions were limited to prerolandic regions, or preserved regions of motor cortex were found between areas of damage to prefrontal and posterior language cortices (Deleval, Leonard, Mavroudakis, & Rodesch, 1989; Tranel, Biller, Damasio, Adams, & Cornell, 1987; Vignolo, Boccardi, & Caverni, 1986). The refined views of the anatomical underpinnings of global aphasia were of more than academic interest, as the various imaging profiles helped predict long-term outcome.

1 Aphasia:Historical Perspectives 11 lectual. It is the intellectual level of utterance, involving the statement of "propositions," that is impaired in the aphasic patient, who may show considerable preservation of automatic language in the form of interjections, oaths, cliches, and recurring utterances. The essential defect in aphasia, according to Jackson (1878), consisted of a loss of this ability to "propositionise," that is, to use words in the service of thought. At the same time, the capacity to use words as a form of emotional expression might well be retained.

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Acquired Aphasia by Martha Taylor Sarno

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