Download PDF by Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert: A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic Diaspora
By Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert
With the hole of sea routes within the 15th century, teams of guys and girls left Portugal to set up themselves around the ports and towns of the Atlantic or Ocean sea. They have been refugees and migrants, investors and mariners, Jews , Catholics, and the Marranos of combined Judaic-Catholic tradition. They shaped a diasporic group identified by means of contemporaries because the Portuguese state. via the early 17th century, this kingdom with out a kingdom had created a outstanding buying and selling community that spanned the Atlantic, reached into the Indian Ocean and Asia, and generated hundreds of thousands of pesos that have been used to bankroll the Spanish empire. A state Upon the sea Sea strains the tale of the Portuguese country from its emergence within the past due 15th century to its fragmentation in the midst of the 17th and situates it on the subject of the parallel growth and challenge of Spanish imperial dominion within the Atlantic. opposed to the backdrop of this courting, the booklet reconstitutes the wealthy internal lifetime of a neighborhood according to circulate, maritime alternate, and cultural hybridity. we're brought to mariners and investors in such disparate areas as Lima, Seville and Amsterdam, their daily interactions and understandings, their homes and household kin, their deepest reflections and public arguments. This finaly-textured account finds how the Portuguese kingdom created a cohesive and significant group regardless of the mobility and dispersion of its contributors; how its sorts of sociability fed into the advance of sturdy transatlantic advertisement networks; and the way the day by day adventure of exchange was once translated into the field of Spanish imperial politics of business reform in line with religious-ethnic toleration and the liberalization of alternate. A microhistory, A state Upon the sea Sea contributes to our figuring out of the wider histories of capitalism, empire, and diaspora within the early Atlantic.
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Extra resources for A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640
39 Overseas trading with the Castilian Indies in the sixteenth century was a distinctly cosmopolitan affair. 41 Like the Portuguese, these merchants forged connections linking the territories of the western Atlantic to Seville, Lisbon, Antwerp, and beyond. Trade in the early sixteenthcentury Atlantic was deeply multinational in character, a fact that points to the persistence of medieval commercial structures organized around cities rather than nation-states or empires. Whereas the most visible apparatus of sixteenthcentury colonial expansion—the institutions of conquest, administration, and conversion—was ultimately organized by the Castilian or Portuguese Crown, the trading and navigation sectors that economically sustained this colonizing enterprise were based in, and articulated around, urban centers.
The Portuguese seamen who had hired on told of a surprising and ambitious venture. 15 The expedition’s leader, a Genoese navigator known locally as Colom, would have been familiar to many of Lisbon’s merchants. He had long captained ships of the Genoese nation from Lisbon to Guinea, Madeira, England, France, and Flanders. His brother, Diego, was a local 22 A Nation Upon the Ocean Sea chart maker of solid reputation. 16 Since then there had been little news. The impact of both these developments would break over Lisbon in waves.
Their hearts were ‘‘set by God’’; whatever the material costs, securing religious orthodoxy across the Castilian kingdoms had become imperative. News of the expulsion shot through Lisbon’s Jewish community. Many had close personal and commercial links to the Castilian Sephardim, and word of persecution fed apprehensions about their own future as a Jewish community living in a Christian kingdom. This was not the only talk circulating through the Lisbon waterfront in early 1492. On the piers and in the taverns, mariners and shipmasters from Portugal’s Algarve coast told of the raising of a small maritime expedition that sought a new passage to the Indies.
A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal's Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640 by Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert