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By Progress Publishers

ISBN-10: 5010004550

ISBN-13: 9785010004552

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ASCLEPIUS (Roman counterpart ­ Aesculapius ), in Greek mythology, the son of Apollo and the nymph Co­ ronis, the god of healing. From time immemorial Asclepius has been re­ garded as the patron of physicians and pharmacists. His cult was par­ ticularly widespread in Epidaurus, where his shrine was visited by sick people in search of cures from all over Greece. ASSASSINS ASHARI (al-ASHARI), Abu'l­ Hasan (873-935), founder of the scholastic Moslem movement Ka/am. Originally he had advocated the Mutazilite doctrine but later moved over to the ranks of orthodox Islam.

Arius was condemned as a heretic by the Oecumenical Council in Nicaea. ), philos­ opher of Ancient Greece and an outstanding scholar in a wide range of disciplines. Aristotle, who had been a pupil of Plato's, later criticized his system based on the supersensible world of the "Forms" or "Ideas". Aristotle recognized the objective existence of the material world and regarded sensations, ideas and concepts as derived from real things. The essence of things Aristotle sought within things them­ selves.

Aris­ totle's idealist and metaphysical views were used in the philosophy of Neoplatonism, by the Scholastics of the Middle Ages and by theologians as they laid the foundations of the religious world outlook. Aristotle's teaching of entelechy is now widely used in theological conceptions such as vita/ism or Jina/ism . On the other hand, Aristotle's materialist and dia­ lectical tenets have exerted a fruitful influence upon the development of progressive, scientific views in Arabian and Byzantine philosophy in mediaeval times, and also in the philosophy of the age of the Renais­ sance.

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A Dictionary for Believers and Nonbelievers by Progress Publishers

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